What is your country currently doing to support carers?
Find out all you need to know about the current state of care in Canada. Our information covers topics like legislation, working arrangement for carers, respite care, what your country is doing to financially support carers, pension credits and the information and training you have access to.
There is no federal legislation formally recognizing unpaid carers. The Manitoba Caregiver Recognition Act sets out principles and actions for government and non-government agencies to support unpaid carers.i
Canadian law prohibits discrimination based on a person’s family caregiving responsibilities. Federally regulated employees have job protection while they are receiving caregiving benefits and the right to request more flexible work arrangements. The Employment Insurance Act entitles employees to three different income benefits: the Compassionate Care Benefit, the Family Caregiver Benefit for Children and the Family Caregiver Benefit for Adults.iv
Respite care is provided through publicly funded home care programs administered by each province and territory. These programs provide in-home respite services. Facility-based respite and adult day programs enable unpaid carers to take extended time away.vi
Although unpaid carers are not formally recognized, financial supports are available. The Caregiving Recognition Benefit is for those caring for veterans. The Canada Caregiver Credit is a tax credit.ii Nova Scotia provides direct allowances.iii
The Canadian Pension Plan offers protection against periods where individuals may have low or zero earnings for a variety of reasons, including to provide care to a family member.v
Information and training
Caregiver Readiness is a national informational campaign through the Canadian federal government consisting of user- friendly tip sheets, checklists and a video.
i The Change Foundation. (2016). Legislation Supporting Family Caregivers in Canadian Jurisdictions and Selected International Jurisdictions. Page 4.
ii Carers Canada. (2017). Advancing Collective Priorities, A Canadian Carer Strategy. Page 6. http://www.carerscanada.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2018/03/Advancing-Collective-Priorities_web3.pdf. [Date Accessed: 16 July 2018]
iii Carers Canada. (2017). Advancing Collective Priorities, A Canadian Carer Strategy. Page 16. http://www.carerscanada.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2018/03/Advancing-Collective-Priorities_web3.pdf [Date Accessed: 16 July 2018]
iv Carers Canada. (2017). Advancing Collective Priorities, A Canadian Carer Strategy. Page 7. http://www.carerscanada.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2018/03/Advancing-Collective-Priorities_web3.pdf [Date Accessed: 16 July 2018]
v Government of Canada. (2017). Canada Pension Plan. Page 1. https://www.canada.ca/en/services/benefits/publicpensions/cpp/cpp-benefit/eligibility. html. [Date Accessed: 16 July 2018]
vi Canadian Home Care Association. (2013). Portraits of Home Care in Canada. Page 20. http://www.cdnhomecare.ca/content.php?doc=293 [Date Accessed: 18 July 2018]
GL-NONPR-00329 [September 2022]