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Pesquisa global com cuidadores

A fim de desvendar quais são os desafios que os cuidadores enfrentam no mundo todo, a Embracing CarersTM conduziu uma pesquisa multinacional para determinar as necessidades não atendidas de cuidadores e o impacto que cuidar de outros tem em sua própria saúde e bem-estar. Nossas descobertas são reveladas aqui.

Pesquisa global com cuidadores

A fim de desvendar quais são os desafios que os cuidadores enfrentam no mundo todo, a Embracing CarersTM conduziu uma pesquisa multinacional para determinar as necessidades não atendidas de cuidadores e o impacto que cuidar de outros tem em sua própria saúde e bem-estar. Nossas descobertas são reveladas aqui.

VISÃO GERAL DA PESQUISA

Todos os dias, cuidadores do mundo todo sacrificam seu próprio tempo e energia para cuidar de seus entes queridos. Para descobrir os diversos desafios enfrentados por cuidadores no mundo todo, a Embracing CarersTM conduziu recentemente uma pesquisa internacional para determinar as necessidades não atendidas de cuidadores e o impacto que cuidar de outros tem na própria saúde e bem-estar.

A pesquisa on-line da Embracing CarersTM foi conduzida pela Censuswide em nome da Merck. Foram entrevistados 3.516 cuidadores não remunerados/não profissionalizados com idade entre 18-75 anos, incluindo 2.106 entrevistados com idade entre 35-55 na Austrália, França, Alemanha, Itália, Espanha, Reino Unido e EUA, entre 27 de julho e 8 agosto de 2017. Os entrevistados foram selecionados para garantir que somente cuidadores não remunerados e não profissionais participassem da pesquisa. Os resultados da pesquisa revelaram que:

  • Cerca da metade (47%) dos cuidadores não remunerados tem sentimentos de depressão, sendo que quase 3 em cada 5 (57%) sentem que precisam de cuidado/apoio médico para uma doença mental (por exemplo, depressão, ansiedade, estresse) devido a seu papel como cuidador não remunerado. Dentre esses, um quarto (25%) não procurou auxílio médico.
  • Mais da metade (55%) desses cuidadores não remunerados sentem que sua saúde física foi debilitada devido a seus deveres como cuidadores.
  • Mais da metade (54%) dos cuidadores não remunerados não têm tempo para marcar ou comparecer a consultas médicas para eles mesmos.
  • 42% dos cuidadores não remunerados colocam a saúde da pessoa que estão cuidando acima de sua própria saúde.
  • 30% de cuidadores não remunerados sentem que o papel de cuidador compromete sua situação financeira.
  • Quase 3 em cada 10 (28%) cuidadores não remunerados sentem que seu papel não é reconhecido pelo sistema de saúde.
  • Mais de 1 em cada 5 (21%) cuidadores não remunerados sentem que sua carreira foi afetada negativamente devido ao papel que desempenham.

Who is at risk?


  • Women are generally more prone to developing hypothyroidism, especially during pregnancy, after giving birth and around the menopause6
  • The elderly generation6
  • People who have relatives with autoimmune disorders6
  • People with autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritiss6
  • People with manic depression6
  • Patients who have undergone radiation treatment or thyroid surgery6
  • Caucasian (white) and Asian populations6

References

  1. EndocrineWeb. Hypothyroidism: too little thyroid hormone. Available at https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/thyroid/hypothyroidism-too-little-thyroid-hormone. Last accessed January 2017
  2. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypo_brochure.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  3. British Thyroid Foundation. Psychological symptoms and thyroid disorders. Available at http://www.btf-thyroid.org/information/leaflets/37-psychological-symptoms-guide. Last accessed January 2017
  4. Poppe K, Velkeniers B, Glinoer D. The role of thyroid autoimmunity in fertility and pregnancy. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2008; 4: 394–405
  5. Tan ZS, Beiser A, Vasan RS et al. Thyroid function and the risk of Alzheimer disease: the Framingham Study. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1514–1520
  6. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypothyroidism_web_booklet.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  7. Hormone Health Network. Hypothyroidism and heart disease. Available at http://www.hormone.org/questions-and-answers/2013/hypothyroidism-and-heart-disease. Last accessed January 2017
  8. Razvi S, Weaver JU, Pearce SH. Subclinical thyroid disorders: significance and clinical impact. J Clin Pathol 2010; 63: 379–386
  9. Iervasi G, Molinaro S, Landi P et al. Association between increased mortality and mild thyroid dysfunction in cardiac patients. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167: 1526–1532

Diagnosing thyroid dysfunction

Many people remain undiagnosed with thyroid problems and suffer for a long time as their symptoms are confused with those of other conditions, such as depression, obesity or the menopause. Thyroid dysfunction can be confirmed by your doctor through a simple blood test to check the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones in your blood.6

If you are concerned that you could be suffering from problems with your thyroid gland, please discuss this with your doctor. To aid your consultation, download our Wellbeing Diary to help you keep a check of the symptoms you are experiencing, or try our short thyroid disorders symptom checker.

How hypothyroidism is treated

Treatment for thyroid dysfunction is straightforward, well-established, and highly effective.6 As there is no cure for hypothyroidism, the aim of treatment is to replace the missing thyroid hormones in the body.6 Appropriate medication, taken daily, should enable patients to live a symptom-free life.6

If you have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism, it is important to remember that treatment is a lifelong commitment and medication has to be taken every day, even when your symptoms are under control.6 This may seem a bit daunting, but by taking control of your condition and complying with your medication you should be able to remain symptom-free.6 It is advisable to see your doctor more frequently if any changes in your condition occur.


References

  1. EndocrineWeb. Hypothyroidism: too little thyroid hormone. Available at https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/thyroid/hypothyroidism-too-little-thyroid-hormone. Last accessed January 2017
  2. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypo_brochure.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  3. British Thyroid Foundation. Psychological symptoms and thyroid disorders. Available at http://www.btf-thyroid.org/information/leaflets/37-psychological-symptoms-guide. Last accessed January 2017
  4. Poppe K, Velkeniers B, Glinoer D. The role of thyroid autoimmunity in fertility and pregnancy. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2008; 4: 394–405
  5. Tan ZS, Beiser A, Vasan RS et al. Thyroid function and the risk of Alzheimer disease: the Framingham Study. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1514–1520
  6. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypothyroidism_web_booklet.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  7. Hormone Health Network. Hypothyroidism and heart disease. Available at http://www.hormone.org/questions-and-answers/2013/hypothyroidism-and-heart-disease. Last accessed January 2017
  8. Razvi S, Weaver JU, Pearce SH. Subclinical thyroid disorders: significance and clinical impact. J Clin Pathol 2010; 63: 379–386
  9. Iervasi G, Molinaro S, Landi P et al. Association between increased mortality and mild thyroid dysfunction in cardiac patients. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167: 1526–1532

How thyroid hormones impact your heart

The heart is a major target of thyroid hormones.

Too little thyroid hormone as a consequence of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) may cause:7

  • Increased levels of low-density lipoprotein (“bad”) cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglycerides
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Low heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute)
  • Increased stiffness of the walls of the blood vessels
  • Increased strain on the heart

Even mild hypothyroidism worsens heart disease

Mild hypothyroidism affects 4–20% of the population and is more common in women than in men.8 Older people are more likely to suffer from a slightly underactive thyroid gland.6 If you have both heart disease and a slightly underactive thyroid then it is vital that your thyroid is returned to normal function. The presence of both diseases is associated with increased risk for death from heart disease.9


References

  1. EndocrineWeb. Hypothyroidism: too little thyroid hormone. Available at https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/thyroid/hypothyroidism-too-little-thyroid-hormone. Last accessed January 2017
  2. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypo_brochure.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  3. British Thyroid Foundation. Psychological symptoms and thyroid disorders. Available at http://www.btf-thyroid.org/information/leaflets/37-psychological-symptoms-guide. Last accessed January 2017
  4. Poppe K, Velkeniers B, Glinoer D. The role of thyroid autoimmunity in fertility and pregnancy. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2008; 4: 394–405
  5. Tan ZS, Beiser A, Vasan RS et al. Thyroid function and the risk of Alzheimer disease: the Framingham Study. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1514–1520
  6. American Thyroid Association. Hypothyroidism. Available at http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hypothyroidism_web_booklet.pdf. Last accessed January 2017
  7. Hormone Health Network. Hypothyroidism and heart disease. Available at http://www.hormone.org/questions-and-answers/2013/hypothyroidism-and-heart-disease. Last accessed January 2017
  8. Razvi S, Weaver JU, Pearce SH. Subclinical thyroid disorders: significance and clinical impact. J Clin Pathol 2010; 63: 379–386
  9. Iervasi G, Molinaro S, Landi P et al. Association between increased mortality and mild thyroid dysfunction in cardiac patients. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167: 1526–1532

 

Obtenha sua cópia completa da Pesquisa Global da Embracing CarersTM aqui.